Article 25. Christocentric Hermeneutic (New Covenant Theology)

How Christians should interpret the Bible

Christians must strive to interpret all of Scripture with the person and work of Jesus Christ as the central focus and interpretative key to understanding the Bible (Hebrews 1:1-2, Colossians 1:16, 2 Corinthians 1:20, John 5:39, Luke 24:27). All the persons, events, and institutions of the Old Testament find their culmination in Christ. Jesus is the last Adam (Romans 5:12-21; 1 Corinthians 15:45), the second man (1 Corinthians 15:47), the true image of God (2 Corinthians 4:4), the seed of Abraham (Galatians 3:16), the final sacrifice (Romans 3:25; John 1:29), the authoritative prophet like Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15; Acts 3:22), the Passover lamb (1 Corinthians 5:7), the one who brings about the new exodus (Luke 9:31), the inaugurator of a new and better covenant (Luke 22:20), the true tabernacle (John 1:14), the eternal priest after the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7), the end-time temple (John 2:19), the faithful son of David (Matthew 1:1), the King anointed with the Spirit (Matthew 3:16-17), and the suffering servant (1 Peter 2:24)

How Christians view the Law

The Mosaic Law was given by the Lord to Moses on Mount Sinai for the nation of Israel. The Ten Commandments are the essence of the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law was binding on the Israelites during the period of time from the giving of the law at Mount Sinai to the ushering in of the New Covenant Era at Pentecost. As such, it was temporary by divine design. God intended for it to be an interim covenant, and those who are in Christ are no longer under the law. Scripture teaches that all of history is divided between two ages: this present age and the age to come. The present age is considered evil and consists of sin, flesh, and death. But when the Messiah comes, he would usher in the new age which consists of righteousness, Spirit, and life. The Old Covenant is part of the old age and was given by God as a temporary, interim guardian for His people until it would eventually be replaced by the New Covenant. 1 Corinthians 9:20, 2 Corinthians 3, Romans 6:14, 7:6, Galatians 1:4, 3:15-25, 4:21-31, 5:18, Hebrews 8, Jeremiah 31:32, Exodus 19, 20, Exodus 34:27-28, Deuteronomy 4:12-14, Deuteronomy 9:7-10, Hebrews 7:11-19, Acts 2:1-21

How Christians interpret the Law

The old covenant was given and presented to Israel as a unit. There is no distinction between moral, civil, and ceremonial law. God is the holy Creator of all things, and refusal to obey any of His commands is considered to be immoral. As such, the old covenant should be viewed as a foreshadow of things to come in the new covenant. Hebrews 7:11-12, Colossians 2:16-17

How Christians apply the Law

The essence of all Law is summed up in these two commandments, “Jesus replied: Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself. All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” (Matthew 22:37-40) Summarily, Christians are not under the Mosaic Law. However, this does not mean that christians can live godlessly. Scripture tells us that we are now under the Law of Christ. We are to carry each other’s burdens, love God with all of our faculties, love His people, and have compassion for the world. The Law of Christ can be defined as those prescriptive principles drawn from the example and teaching of Jesus and His apostles, which are meant to be worked out in specific situations by the guiding influence and empowerment of the Holy Spirit. This is because in the New Covenant, unlike the Old (wherein not all within Israel were genuine believers), every member is fully forgiven and has the Holy Spirit. Luke 10:27, Ezekiel 36-37, Joel 2, Isaiah 32:15, 44:3, 1 Corinthians 9:19-23, Galatians 6:1-5, Ephesians 4:25-32

How Christians view Israel

Scripture clearly teaches that Jesus is the “seed” of Abraham. Christians in the New Covenant are considered the offspring of Abraham because they are united to Jesus. This means that Christians ought not say that Israel is the church or the church is Israel, nor ought they say that God has a separate plan for Gentile believers from Jewish believers. Rather, Christians should say that the “true” Israel is Christ and all those who believe in Him are united to him. Galatians 3:7, 3:29, 6:15-16, Philippians 3:2-3, Romans 2:28-29, 2 Corinthians 1:20


*We would like to thank the New Covenant Church Cebu for allowing us to study and use their Statement of Faith as a basis of our own with some little or minor revisions to fit our core beliefs. Some articles remained as is because we believe that it accurately describes ours and so changes at this point is not necessary. We believe as a church that we are much closer to New Covenant Theology and furthest away from Dispensational Theology. In terms of the covenants, some of us hold to a pre-fall covenant and an overaching covenant of grace. But generally we are NCT.